Green woodpecker

©Andy Morffew

Green woodpecker

Enw gwyddonol: Picus viridis
The laughing 'yaffle' call of the green woodpecker can be heard in our woodlands, parks and gardens. Look out for it hopping about your lawn, searching for ants to eat.

Species information


Length: 31-33cm
Wingspan: 41cm
Weight: 490g
Average lifespan: 5 years

Statws cadwraethol

Classified in the UK as Green under the Birds of Conservation Concern 4: the Red List for Birds (2015).

Pryd i'w gweld

January to December


The green woodpecker is the largest of the UK's woodpeckers. It nests in holes that it excavates in trees in broadleaved woodlands, orchards, large parks and gardens. It can often be seen hopping about on pastures and lawns, looking for ants and invertebrates to eat, but it will also climb tree trunks and has a barbed tongue to help it extract insects from crevices in the bark. It has an undulating flight.

Sut i'w hadnabod

The green woodpecker is olive-green, with a yellow rump, red crown and black around the face. Males have a red 'moustache' edged by black, but females have an all-black moustache.


Widespread, although absent from northern Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Roeddech chi yn gwybod?

An old country name for the green woodpecker is the 'Yaffle' because of the laughing sounds it makes. Professor Yaffle, a character in the classic children's programme Bagpuss, was loosely based on the green woodpecker.

Sut y gall bobl helpu

Whether you live in town or country, you can help to look after garden birds by providing food and water for them. To find out more about encouraging wildlife into your garden, visit our Wild About Gardens website: a joint initiative with the RHS, there's plenty of facts and tips to get you started. To buy bird food or feeders, visit the Vine House Farm website - an award-winning wildlife-friendly farm which gives 5% of all its takings to The Wildlife Trusts.