Water Figwort

Scrophularia auriculata

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  3. Water Figwort


Water Figwort is a common plant of riverbanks, pond margins, damp meadows and wet woodlands. Its maroon flowers appear from June to September, provide nectar for bumblebees and are pollinated by the Common Wasp.

How to identify

Water Figwort has reddish, square stems and pointed, toothed leaves that are evergreen. The flowers are deep maroon with two lips, and conspicuous green sepals with brown edges, these are held in branches off the main stem and appear in whorls.

Where to find it

Widespread, but less common in Scotland.


When to find it

  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September

How can people help

Human activity, including the drainage of land for agriculture and development, has resulted in the disappearance of many of the UK's wetlands. The Wildlife Trusts are working closely with planners, developers and farmers to ensure our wetlands are protected. You can help too: add native plants and flowers, such as Water Figwort, to a wildlife-friendly pond and its margins, and provide shelter for amphibians and nectar for insects. In partnership with the RHS, The Wildlife Trusts' Wild About Gardens initiative can help you plan your wildlife garden.

Species information

Common name
Water Figwort
Latin name
Scrophularia auriculata
Height: up to 70cm
Conservation status