Stock Dove

Columba oenas


The stock dove is a medium-sized pigeon. It nests in holes in trees and in farm buildings, is a common bird of woodland edges and parkland during the breeding season and can be seen in small flocks on farmland in winter. Unlike the woodpigeon, it is very rarely found in towns and gardens. Stock doves feed on seeds, leaves, grains, fruit, peas and root crops.

How to identify

Stock doves are smaller than woodpigeons and slimmer than feral pigeons. Blue-grey with a pink chest and an iridescent green patch on their neck, they lack the white patches on the neck and wings that Woodpigeons have.

Where to find it

Widespread, absent from the north of Scotland and Northern Ireland.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Over half the European population of stock doves is found in the UK, making it an important place for this bird. Across town and country, local Wildlife Trusts manage nature reserves for the benefit of the wildlife they support. You can help by supporting your local Trust and becoming a member; you'll find out about exciting wildlife happenings, events on your doorstep and volunteering opportunities, and be helping local wildlife along the way.

Species information

Common name
Stock Dove
Latin name
Columba oenas
Pigeons and doves
Length: 32-34cm Wingspan: 66cm Weight: 300g Average Lifespan: 3 years
Conservation status
Classified in the UK as an Amber List species under the Birds of Conservation Concern review.