Pied Flycatcher

Ficedula hypoleuca


The pied flycatcher is a small, black and white fly-catching bird.  It is a summer visitor from April and May onwards and breeds mainly in western areas, spending the winter in West Africa. They are birds of mature deciduous woodlands, parks and gardens, with a preference for oak trees.

How to identify

Pied flycatchers are slightly smaller than a house sparrow. Males have mostly black upperparts and white underparts with a bold white patch on the folded wing. Females have the same basic patterning but are browner in colour.

Where to find it

In woodland, orchards and larger parks and gardens across the UK, especially in western areas.


When to find it

  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August

How can people help

The Wildlife Trusts manage many woodland habitats sympathetically for the benefit of all kinds of wildlife, including flycatchers. Careful tree and coppice management and the installation of nest boxes in suitable locations are just some of the ways that their habitat is kept in good condition. By volunteering for your local Trust you can help too and you'll make new friends and learn new skills along the way.

Species information

Common name
Pied Flycatcher
Latin name
Ficedula hypoleuca
Thrushes, chats, flycatchers, starling, dipper and wren
Length - 13cm Winglength - 21.5-24cm
Conservation status
Amber listed because of recent declines