A small broadleaved woodland
Radnorshire Wildlife Trust
A small woodland with a good display of spring flowers.
The wood has a varied tree mixture, ash is dominant with pendunculate oak, downy birch and rowan all frequent. In the past wych elms were clearly dominant with many surviving as younger saplings. Older elms remain as dead or decaying trees, with great importance for wildlife especially invertebrates. The understorey is mainly hazel with blackthorn locally dominant. The ground layer consists principally of an extremely abundant bryophyte (moss and liverwort) flora. Flowering plants including dog's mercury, herb paris, wood anemone, sanicle and early-purple orchid along with bluebells creates a stunning display of colour in the spring. Of particular importance in the wood are adders-tongue fern, common twayblade and broad-leaved helleborine. The bark of living and dead wych elms and the ancient oaks support a number of nationally scarce lichens. Bactrospora corticola is found on oak along with the nationally rare Chaenotheca stemonia; Opegrapha ocrochelia, Agonimia allobata and Lecania cyrtellina are all found on elms. Birds are very conspicuous, with both green and great-spotted woodpeckers breeding. Other typical woodland species nesting on the site include treecreeper, willow warbler, pied flycatcher, redstart, marsh tit and bullfinch. Mammals include high densities of both wood mice and bank voles. Invertebrates include the notable tortoise beetle Cassida hemisphaerica, more common in southern England, feeding on ragged robin and campions. The local snail-eating ground beetle Cychrus caraboides and carrion beetle Silpha atrata are also found within dead timber. The rhinoceros beetle Dynastinae also occurs. Butterflies include ringlet and orange tip.
Species and habitats
- Broad-leaved Helleborine, Dog's Mercury, Herb-Paris, Wood Anemone, Early Purple Orchid, Twayblade, Bluebell, Wych Elm, Green Woodpecker, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Treecreeper, Willow Warbler, Pied Flycatcher, Redstart, Marsh tit, Bullfinch, Bank Vole, Wood Mouse, Green Tortoise beetle, Red Campion, Ragged-Robin, Rhinoceros Beetle, Ringlet, Orange-tip